You read about how to create an SSH tunnel and saw that you can do the same in reverse, forwarding a port from the server to your local machine. You tried it out on a server you have access to and discovered that the port you chose isn’t opening on the outside, even though the port is allowed through the firewall. What gives?
Beginners on Linux will probably encounter a file system check or mount fail at least once throughout their experience. I know I did. Multiple times. But it’s hard to get around hard shut downs when your computer just freezes! Now some people might just press
i to ignore every time. Others blindly follow guides, unaware of the effects on their computer.
I for one want to know what the commands I type actually do. So without much further ado, with reference to Simon Richter’s reply on an Ask Ubuntu thread, here’s how you can resolve the issue permanently (complete with explanations of each command):
Step 1: Boot up Computer
Press that power button. 😉
Step 2: Enter Manual Recovery Mode
In the GNU GRUB boot loader, press
m to enter manual recovery mode.
Step 3: Remount the System
Remount your system to read-only mode. This will prevent the kernel from writing any permanent changes that could harm your system.
mountis the command.
-oallows you to specify mount options.
rois the read-only option.
remountis the option to remount an already mounted system.
/is the mount point for the entire system.
mount -o ro,remount /
Step 4: Repair the System
Run the file system consistency check and interactive repair. You do not need to understand all the underlying semantics of
fsck but understand that
fsck possesses a set of standards for file systems and ensures all the files on your system follow that standard.
fsckis the repair command.
-fis the flag to also check clean files.
Step 5: Write the Changes
Write the changes to your system by using a sync.
Step 6: Reboot Computer.
Reboot the system and all changes should be implemented.
Next time you turn on your computer, everything should be running smoothly!
I have a love-hate relationship with PulseAudio: it has a lot of great features, but sometimes it’s more resource-hungry than I would like, and it also crashes more often than I’d like. Actually, the only reason why I got PulseAudio was because Skype 188.8.131.52 required Pulse and dropped ALSA support; I would have stayed with plain ALSA had it not been for Skype (on that note, I really hate Skype, for more reasons than one).